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#WorldMilkDay: Guidance for raw milk producers

The Food Standards Agency (FSA) recently published guidance for producers of raw milk in response to its rise in popularity and the potential dangers it poses. To mark #WorldMilkDay, we highlight the safety and legal measures that producers must follow to protect the safety of consumers below.

Raw milk is unpasteurised and is processed directly from animal to bottle. It, therefore, carries a greater risk of containing harmful micro-organisms such as salmonella, campylobacter, E Coli and listeria.

Since 2015, as consumers look to buy more local and sustainable produce, sales of raw milk have soared. In four years up to 2018, litres sold increased from 600,000 to 3m, according to Farmers’ Weekly. This rapid growth saw a parallel increase in the number of customer illnesses linked to raw milk, with some requiring hospital treatment.

In response, the FSA carried out a consultation in early 2019. As part of that consultation, it worked closely with the Raw Milk Producers Association (“RMPA”) and other key stakeholders to develop a document to help producers ensure they are making unpasteurised milk as safe as possible.

Guidance for raw drinking milk producers

The guidance, which has been in place since 1 April 2020, outlines the safety measures raw drinking milk producers must follow, including:

  • Anyone planning to sell raw drinking milk must first register as a food business with the FSA;
    Farms already registered must notify the FSA of an intention to start selling raw drinking milk;
  • An initial check and milk sampling by FSA Dairy Hygiene Inspectors and then on a six-monthly basis thereafter;
  • Devising and implementing a Food Safety Management System (which is a legal requirement);
  • Identifying controls to prevent that from happening;
  • Periodic testing for specified pathogens and indicators of poor hygiene and disease; and
  • Local authorities will be informed of proposed raw milk production by the FSA. However, producers must also contact the local authority, which may want to carry out its own inspection of the filling and bottling process.

The guidance does not extend to dairy products made using raw drinking milk, i.e. as part of the manufacturing process.

Partner and Head of Regulatory, Kathryn Gilbertson, has an outstanding reputation in the food safety sector. She regularly presents at high-profile events including for the Royal Society for Public Health and Institute of Food Science and Technology and is part of cutting-edge developments in the law, particularly regarding food safety.

If you are a raw milk producer, or a food manufacturer generally, and would like to know more about your food safety responsibilities as a business, or the inspector has called for a visit and you need our help, please do get in touch.

This update is for general purposes and guidance only and does not constitute legal or professional advice. You should seek legal advice before relying on its content. This update relates to the prevailing circumstances at the date of its original publication and may not have been updated to reflect subsequent developments. If you have general queries about our updates, please email: mailinglists@greenwoods.co.uk




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      By completing and submitting this form, you consent to Greenwoods Legal LLP processing your personal data to provide you with the email update services you have selected and any other materials and information about our services that Greenwoods Legal LLP reasonably believes will be of interest to you. You are free to withdraw your consent at any time by emailing mailinglists@greenwoods.co.uk